Today, as the world strives to achieve perfection in every area of life, it seems that it is moving to the extreme limits. Many adolescents and young people are concerned about their appearance. The girls want to look like models, to be tall and thin, and in order to achieve that they do the same exercise regularly, watch what they eat and choose appropriate clothing and makeup to conceal certain shortcomings. But the fascination with thinness has become a serious problem that equally concerns professionals and the general public.
The latest research shows that a large number of adolescent girls today are on the diet but, when it is not successful, some girls try to lose weight by starvation and / or deliberately inducing vomiting and this is how the eating disorders begin.
An eating disorder is defined as chronic starvation or overeating on personal initiative because of the distorted perception of their bodies. The three most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and compulsive overeating. Apart from those above, there are a number of new disorders that are masked and difficult recognizable because patients often justify it with lifestyle, stress, fatigue – orthorexia, manorexia, and spades.
Eating disorders occur most often during puberty and adolescence. Of the total number of patients, the majority are women and girls.
Anorexia nervosa is eating disorder in which a person suffers psychologically because of the feeling that it is too fat and is obsessed with the need to reduce body weight.
The word anorexia comes from the Greek a (without) and orexin (appetite), thus meaning “lack of appetite”. It occurs most often in teens and usually starts with a desire for the loss of a few pounds. The infected person becomes obsessed with a picture of the body and is often perceived fat although the opposite is true.
Hunger is reduced by drinking large amounts of water.
In addition to the weight loss, anorexia has other consequences as the body becomes less resistant to infection and stomach and digestive problems and more sensitive to the cold.
There may be a lack of menstruation, hair loss, or excessive facial and body hair, drying and discoloration of the skin, the bones become fragile and break easily.
On the psychological level, there is anxiety or depression (if not already there) and the negation of problems.
Bulimia is defined as a mental disorder that is most common in women in later adolescence or young adulthood and rarely occurs in men. It is an eating disorder in which there is an obsession with food, weight, and body.
A person in one meal can eat very large amounts of food. When an overeating person gets a sense of panic and guilt, fear of gaining weight and feel physically ill. Quickly taking large amounts of food creates discomfort in the stomach and the person “must” throw the food out of his or her system and they cause vomiting on purpose.
Compulsive overeating is a serious eating disorder is characterized by episodes of binge eating, eating and continuous increases in body weight. A person suffering from this disorder usually overeats more than twice a week for at least six months.
This disorder is called compulsive overeating because people feel the absence of control and is not able to stop eating during the attack overeating.
A person can eat quickly in larger amounts, or nibble on food all day usually very salty and / or very sweet and / or very fatty foods.
A person suffering from this disorder of can eat huge amounts of food in a short period of time, and they eat faster than normal and usually eat alone
People with eating disorders can hardly realize that they need help, but once they understand and ask help from a specialist they feel great relief. Ordinary conversation is enough to begin with.
The first step in the search for help is the recognition and acceptance of the fact that they suffer from these disorders.
A value of visiting experts who understand various forms of this behavior is that we can talk about deeply hidden sources of our problems.
There are many forms of therapy and recovery, and it depends from person to person.
Some treatments include hospitalization, and for some group or individual psychotherapy where you lose the feeling of isolation and loneliness is enough.
The road to final recovery is neither simple nor easy, but it certainly includes technical assistance, a change in diet, regular exercise and a lot of work on themselves.